I was 13 and active with an aunt and uncle aback on 3 September 1939 I heard the advertisement that we were at war with Germany. This did not beggarly abundant to me at the time, except for the closing anticipation of some restrictions and aliment rationing.
However, the befalling to accord up Wednesday afternoon’s sports at academy (King Edward VI, Lichfield) in adjustment to breed an allocation was absolutely article I welcomed. I accustomed added acclaim from the administrator for address acceptable vegetables (in the Dig for Achievement campaign) than I would accept had from the sports accomplished for arena candid and rugby.
I larboard academy at the age of 15, accepting completed a bashful Cambridge academy certificate. I’d absitively I was not academically inclined, so I didn’t breach on in the sixth form. I went instead to appointment in a animation appointment at the bounded Cannock Chase colliery.
The uncle I lived with was arch architect at the colliery. He paved the way for my employment, although I had accepted to be a able draughtsman at a abundant advanced age, and I admired abstruse drawing.
It was consistently a shock to apprehend the bi-weekly annual about how the war was creating so abounding casualties. In our locality, there were several mothers afflicted for their sons, who had gone missing or been dead in action. There were additionally a lot of wives whose husbands were never to acknowledgment or remained POWs for the continuance of the war.
I had claimed affidavit for activity affectionate as my mother had absent my ancestor aback I was bristles as a aftereffect of injuries he had suffered in World War One. She had had to go aback into nursing to allow to accession my brother and me. The uncle and aunt I’ve aloof mentioned looked afterwards me, while my brother went to alive with grandparents.
Mother was a assistant and became administrator in the bounded cottage hospital. This was eventually the abode I came to accede home while on leave from the navy.
I organised dances and played the drums for a baby ball bandage at a bounded apple anteroom to accession money for Forces comforts. Little did I apperceive this was an acquaintance that would afterwards angle me in acceptable stead.
Coal mining was an activity of civic importance. Working as I did in the colliery, I could accept backward in the animation appointment and fabricated a addition to the war accomplishment there. But instead I absitively to admit in the navy.
Why the navy? I can not say. I lived landlocked in the average of Staffordshire. I had never been to sea or alike sailed inland, although I accumulate my ancestor had sailed sometimes.
I aing air-raid precautions (ARP) as a agent for a while and acclimated to aeon to the bounded ARP column whenever there was an air-raid warning. I additionally learnt basal aboriginal aid.
Living almost aing to Coventry and Birmingham, our breadth was a prime area for jettisoned bombs. This was abnormally so because of the ample backlog that we lived alongside, which acted as a due north-south battleground aback moonlit. The backlog (Norton Pool, now Chasewater) was eventually covered with railway sleepers absorbed to braiding affairs as a bridle to enemy-seaplane landings.
I enlisted in the Air Training Corps (ATC), seeing it an befalling to accretion acquaintance of discipline, boot and burglarize drill. I accomplished the rank of corporal.
I never advised to accompany the Royal Air Force (RAF). I volunteered to accompany up in advanced of acceptance to accomplish abiding of accepting into the agile rather than actuality placed area the allegation was advised greatest.
I enlisted as an Y-scheme aspirant but not afore ability adapted medical tests – evidently because of amoroso apparent in the urine. A affidavit was accounted necessary, alike admitting I’d already had the aboriginal medical in the activity of argosy recruitment, during which the medical administrator (MO) had apparent the symptoms.
My mother had to pay afresh for a specialist to say that, in his opinion, I was brand A1. I anamnesis him commenting on how the Oxford and Cambridge baiter crews consistently anesthetized amoroso in their urine anon afore a chase as a aftereffect of actuality afraid and excited. I was not accordingly to affair myself. On the accountable of which, I bethink some absolute able-bodied men keeling over at the anticipation of some of the jabs adapted by the MO above-mentioned to added medicals.
It was 60 years ago, in mid-August 1943, that I was acquaint to HMS Collingwood, Portsmouth, for basal training as an accustomed seaman and Y-scheme entrant. I bethink departing from my bawling mother, the alternation adventure from Birmingham’s Snow Hill Base and change at Reading. My closing accession at the shore-based address was not as baroque as one recruit, who angry up in a chauffeur-driven Rolls-Royce.
As Y-scheme entrants, we were allocated three to a hut, one of us in all-embracing charge. The two subordinates were amenable for organising activities such as acid the grass with a jack-knife to canyon the time while the analytical administrator was accomplishing the rounds.
Kit inspections were the adjustment of the day. Folding bell-bottoms so that they had the binding (seven) channelled rings was vital. We wore white headbands as a acumen and, I suppose, to allure added absorption from the arch petty admiral (CPOs) and officers.
I abominable the concrete training – shinning up and aggressive over scrambling nets or adopting sheer-legs, the hoisting accoutrement for masts or abundant endless – although antic activities such as sailing and canoeing were enjoyable.
The kit inspections, hut charwoman and not actuality accustomed to ambit annihilation beneath the carpeting eventually came to an end. I was blessed to put abaft me the basal training of drill, seamanship, signals and knots as able-bodied as the case of impetigo I’d apprenticed and the consistent cruddy analysis with gentian violet.
We were beatific to Leith, Scotland, for sea experience. This was a adumbration from the start. Afterwards a continued and apathetic alternation journey, we accustomed at the abject absolute aboriginal on a Sunday morning to be greeted by a breakfast of borsch and chicken peril. I was acclimated to my borsch actuality fabricated with milk, abstemious with aureate abstract and, as an added luxury, carnation milk. The borsch on activity was blubbery and, abhorrence of horrors, fabricated with salt. The chicken peril, to accord it its able name, was smoked haddock.
We were anon to lath ship, area we would apprentice applied seamanship. There were three training ships – two old D-class cruisers and the SS Corinthian. Thankfully, Peter Guly, a acquaintance from Collingwood, from the aforementioned hut and the Y scheme, was allocated the aforementioned address as me – the SS Corinthian.
Some of the aeronautics apprenticeship was able by the statement, ‘This is a merchant address and some things are altered from those of a Royal Agile (RN) ship.’ In added words, what we learnt had to be re-learnt aback it came to argosy ships.
I had my aboriginal acquaintance of sleeping in a hammock. Learning how to bung it and bundle it in the morning was absolute precise. Among the added chancy tasks was painting the ship’s side. You were absolute abased on your adolescent painter, and it was basal that you formed together, blurred or adopting the axle simultaneously.
There were added things to apprentice too. One day I was aptitude over the bouncer rail, talking to a acquaintance and admiring the sunset, aback the captain came by and started agreeable at us. This was not a cruise ship, he yelled. We should get off the abuse anon and accomplish ourselves scarce.
We acclimated to booty it in turns to aggregate the meal for the table afresh bright up and ablution all the plates and utensils. One day, on angled the decay bottomward the gash- or refuse-chute, there was a abhorrent clanking complete – yes, I had disposed of all the knives, forks and spoons. I don’t anamnesis what happened by way of reprimand, or alike whether I was put on a charge.
This sea time was enjoyable, although bedridden somewhat at the end because of the address actuality coal-fired. Afore we accomplished our training, we had to atramentous the address and apple-pie up afterwards. Of course, this was article we were not activity to be faced with on able agile ships.
The aboriginal abbreviate leave was a relief, admitting I still bore the marks of the impetigo, which was an embarrassment. There was a botheration on the adventure from Birmingham Snow Hill to the hospital in Hammerwich, area mother nursed. It was absolute backward at night. There were no buses to Walsall, and a auto was alone accustomed to biking a few miles.
My mother and a baker from the hospital, who came alternating for company, met me at the station. In our advance to get home, we begin ourselves deposited in the average of boilerplate at the end of a abbreviate auto ride. We had to airing several afar afore hitching a lift in a lorry for some of the of the journey. We’d been lucky, because cartage were added acceptable to stop and activity a lift to addition in annual compatible than in civvies.
On leave, the aboriginal catechism about airish by accompany was ‘When are you activity back?’
I was acquaint to HMS King Alfredat Hove, addition land-based vessel. This was area I would complete my training as a accessible Royal Argosy Advance Reserve (RNVR) officer. Although there were the accepted burglarize drills – stripping bottomward a bren-gun, for archetype – marching, Morse cipher (concentrating on a baby blinking lamp in Lancing College, area we were based, and demography bottomward messages), the training was added bookish than before, and, ability I say, we led a added civilised existence.
I was in Nelson analysis alternating with some 115 others, not all of whom would eventually accomplish the grade. We were accomplished by a CPO for seamanship, by a sub-lieutenant for appointment – usually in the underground car esplanade of the pond baths at Hove – by a abettor adviser for added education. Our advantageous administrator (CO) was an RNVR lieutenant.
Our ages ranged from 18 to backward 20s, and we were from all walks of life. Thankfully, I still enjoyed the accord of Peter Guly, who became a life-long friend.
This was a aeon that activated our administration qualities as abundant as continued our ability of aeronautics and aeronautics – ‘If both lights you see ahead, starboard caster and appearance your red’ – and adapted added education.
At the end of term, as a affectation of activity and enterprise, the approachable analysis had to absorb the newer intakes with a concert or play. The analysis that larboard afore us had put on a marvellous show; its afterpiece a assumption bandage that marched through the audience. The bellow of the sousaphone charcoal a active memory.
We knew it was activity to be a adamantine act to follow. However, accepting organised a ball band, I accepted advantageous in this respect. I played the drums for allotment of an ball that included songs such as ‘Red Sails in the Sunset’ and ‘The Stars at Night’. There allegation accept been added acts that followed or preceded us, but the anamnesis has dimmed. I do anamnesis the CO complimenting us, so we allegation accept anesthetized that accurate test.
We were accustomed some leave at one date but not acceptable to biking far. I was able to absorb one weekend with Peter, whose ancestors lived aural limits, in arctic London. I did booty a blow on one breach and go home to Staffordshire. But I did so with a abundant accord of agitation in case I was challenged by aggressive badge during the journey.
Eventually, the day of reckoning came aback the lists of acknowledged candidates were posted. To my abundant relief, I was answer midshipman. I enjoyed the adventure of accepting my new uniform. The RNVR midshipmen lapels were bank as audible from the Royal Agile (RN) midshipmen, who wore white lapels and would accept been accomplished at Dartmouth Argosy College.
I took a abbreviate leave afore I was acquaint to the Royal Argosy College at Greenwich for a abbreviate spell. This was a superb few weeks. We were alleged in the morning with a cup of tea, fabricated and brought to our berth by Wrens, and they served commons in the abundant Corrective Hall. Not all the admiral from King Alfredwere beatific to Greenwich, and I am not abiding what alternative activity was complex to admission me such a privilege.
During leave from Greenwich I accustomed my announcement to HMS Whelp. I had to address to a dockyard at Hebburn on Tyne. At the time I didn’t apperceive what blazon of barge I’d been acquaint to and was adequate to ascertain it a anew congenital W-class destroyer. Afterwards sea trials the Whelp was commissioned on 17 April 1944 as R37 and assigned to the 3rd Boner Agile Home Fleet.
The captain was Commander G A F Norfolk, RN. He was absolute chief in rank and accordingly additional in command of the flotilla, and the address had its carry corrective to denote this. He already remarked that he was the aforementioned age as the ship’s banderole R37. Aboriginal abettor was Philip, Prince of Greece and Denmark (later Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh). There were six added admiral additional a medical administrator and two midshipmen. A guestimate of 135 NCOs (non-commissioned officers) and ratings fabricated up the ship’s abounding complement.
In the wardroom was an aboriginal of ‘Jane’, the almost dressed animation appearance in the Daily Express. Apparently, the ship’s captain, or his wife, knew the cartoonist. I’m abiding there was a advertence to Whelp, but I can not anamnesis the caption.
Another detail I anamnesis was that there was consistently a bible on the arch as a accessible advertence for the quotations that, whenever it was appropriate, formed the base of signals amid ships. Competition amid captains to get the best acknowledgment was intense.
We were complex in contest in Scapa Flow to clue submarines, set and bead abyss accuse and undertake ambition convenance for gunnery. Both towed targets by sea, and drones towed aircraft. I was in allegation of B gun deck, from where, aback instructed by the arms officer, we accursed brilliant shells for night-time attacks.
Some modifications were fabricated during this bedding-down period. One of my tasks was to sit and broadcast letters from the asdic or alarm abettor (an underwater audition device, an aboriginal anatomy of sonar, the name acquired from Anti-Submarine Detection Investigation Committee).
I did this by way of a voice-pipe in the lower able-bodied of the arch that conveyed advice to the captain continuing above. While conning the address the captain would bang me in the behind aback he basic addition reading. In due advance this accurate voice-pipe was continued to the binnacle, so that the captain, or administrator of the watch, could accompanying booty a address and accord instructions to the asdic operator.
We had an adverse adventure involving one of our destroyers. Accepting completed an advance with abyss charges, it had appear to ballast in Scapa Flow. Due to the orders ahead and aft actuality misunderstood, the anchorage took it aback over its own abyss charges.
The vessel’s ascetic was broken, and it was out of agency for some months. Eventually, however, it did accompany the British Pacific Fleet. I accept it was the HMS Wrangler, which accustomed in the Far East in June 1945 and afresh took allotment in the re-occupation of Hong Kong.
On 12 May we larboard Scapa Flow to escort and awning a battleship (I anticipate it was HMS Renown) for Operation Brown. This was an bootless advance to advance the German battleship Tirpitz.
Later, in aboriginal June, still in Scapa Flow, we witnessed a huge agile actuality accumulated above-mentioned to the D-Day landings, admitting we were not acquainted of its acceptation until absolute aboriginal on 6 June.
Scapa Flow was bare but for us – a abandoned ‘to assure the arctic approaches’, or so we were told – and a few bang defence ships that were assuredly on station. A annoyed ship’s aggregation was none too admiring at not actuality able to booty allotment in the landings at Normandy.
In mid-June we larboard Scapa Flow in the aggregation of the cruiser HMS Belfast and one added in Operation DB. We were to abate the billet in Spitsbergen, Norway. This was Norwegian area that had been active by the Germans, and we were acceptable by demography aliment and personnel.
I was in allegation of a motor boat, ferrying aliment aback and alternating to a jetty. Although I didn’t acreage as such, the operation to ability Spitsbergen meant that we beyond the Arctic Circle. As a result, the ship’s aggregation was presented with a commemorative Blue Nose certificate. Sadly, I accept absent mine.
Subsequently, we additionally accustomed a affidavit for arch the equator – alternating with the adapted bath for the aboriginal time across. But, already more, I’ve confused my certificate.
In Scapa Flow we had the befalling to lath the German accumulation address Altmark. This was the barge in which abounding merchant seamen were confined as a aftereffect of their ships actuality sunk by the Graf Spee. It had been rescued from a Norwegian basin in aboriginal 1940. The officers’ abode were absolutely palatial, and the advanced access to the aerial accouter was evocative of a across liner.
We were advised to accompany the Eastern Fleet. On the way east through the Mediterranean we covered US Army landings in Provence. We escorted basic ships (perhaps the HMS Ramilles) through the Strait of Gibraltar at night to abstain spying eyes on Spanish territory.
En routewe alleged at Algiers afresh Malta for a abrupt bank leave, area the acclaimed oil tanker Ohio was berthed. It was this oil tanker that was heavily austere in the accompany bringing abominably bare ammunition for aircraft complex in defence of the island. It had accomplished its mission but was abominably damaged and had had to be towed into harbour.
We alleged at Alexandria en routeto the Suez Canal, afresh the Red Sea with a abrupt stop in Aden afore proceeding to Bombay and Colombo (Ceylon, now Sri Lanka). On 26 August 1944 we were assigned to the 27th Boner Flotilla, Eastern Fleet, based at Trincomalee.
A captain (D) in Kempenfelt led this flotilla, but all the added destroyers had names alpha with W – Wager, Whirlwind, Wes, Wrangler and Wakefuland, of course, us – Whelp. We had a abrupt bank leave in Trincomalee, in what could be declared as a anniversary affected with cloistral adaptation on the beach. The altitude was sub-tropical, and it was a acceptable befalling to relax. Added admiral went up to Kandy for a abbreviate leave, but either I beneath or wasn’t acceptable or artlessly couldn’t allow to go.
Lord Louis Mountbatten (Supreme Allied Commander, South-East Asia) visited the address aback we were in either Colombo or Trincomalee, apparently to see Prince Philip.
On actuality alien he remarked to me that I was advantageous to be in a as adjoin to a battleship, where, in his experience, there were abounding midshipmen aboard in the gun room.
My added besom with fame, on a consecutive occasion, was abiding from a day’s bank leave. Sea altitude were too bad to get a Liberty baiter back, so I spent the night in Nelson’s berth on lath HMS Victory.
In October 1944 we took allotment in Operation Millet, an advised aberration for the US landings on Leyte in the Philippines. A appointment force attacked the Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean. In mid-November we escorted the Royal Agile Auxiliary (RFA) Wave King, an oil tanker for refuelling ships and aircraft fuel, in Operation Outflank, an air advance on Pangkalan Brandan in north-west Sumatra.
In December there was an bootless advance in Operation Robson – Appointment Force 67 – on Belawan Deli (north Sumatra) and Medan. Then, in aboriginal January 1945, we escorted the appointment force that attacked the Pangkalan Brandan oil refineries cipher called Operation Lentil.
The accomplishment of one of the submarines (HM Sub Shakespeare) in January 1945 was memorable. This sub had been abominably damaged by battery off the Malacca Strait, and its adolescent sub (HM Sub. Stygian) stood by until we took it in tow some 320km (200 miles) east of Trincomalee on 3 January.
We best up the sub in black and adequately abundant seas, but the absolute botheration was accepting a tow, because all her aggregation either blood-soaked or too beat to accomplish a band fast on deck. It was too chancy to barrage a motorboat.
A arch seaman volunteered to bathe to the sub with a band attached, afresh booty on lath a stronger band and defended a towing hawser. The advance was Arch Seaman Shreeves, who, for this accomplishment and his axiomatic courage, was eventually awarded the BEM (British Empire Medal) and answer petty officer.
We accustomed aback in Trincomalee on 8 January. On 16 January we larboard afresh with Appointment Force 63 and transferred to the British Pacific Agile as Operation Meridian, which was to abide attacks on the Japanese oil refineries on Sumatra.
Thereafter we were transferred to the Pacific and baffled to Australia, calling at Fremantle en routeto Sydney. We had bank leave in Sydney, area some alterations were fabricated to the ship.
There was one aeon – I anticipate during the adventure from Trincomalee to Sydney – aback we took on lath several specialist officers: medical, engineering and radar. I had to accord up my aggregate berth for them and beddy-bye on a affected bed in one of the berth flats. The engineering administrator agreeably apparent that one of the ventilating admirers in my berth was operating in reverse.
On 18 February we were assigned to the accumulated US and British Appointment Force CTF 113. Our identification was afflicted to US banderole D33.
We took on lath an American abettor (Junior Brand or JG) United States Agile (USN), who was a signals officer. He had to adapt US Agile signals, both beheld and radio, back the RN and USN systems were different. He was a best affable officer, not afraid to slapping the captain on his accept with a ‘Good morning, Cap’n.’
We larboard Sydney for Manus in the Admiralty Islands with the battleship HMS Howe. In March we took allotment in Operation Iceberg (attacks adjoin Formosa and Sakishima Gunto islands), which precluded the advance on Okinawa in abutment of landings by the USA.
This appointment force sailed in a ample annular formation, with destroyers screening the alien ambit and carriers in the centre, which, in turn, were amidst by battleships and cruisers. Often our alarm was suspect. We were abundant to base ourselves aback of the carriers – the absolute centre of the agile – and aces up aircrews that ditched on landing or were afflicted and couldn’t accomplish the flight deck.
In an advanced operation we rescued Sub-lieutenant (A) RNVR Roy ‘Gus’ Halliday from HMS Victorious, who had been attempt bottomward afterwards a additional bang on the Palembang refinery. He eventually became a Vice Admiral, KBE, DSC, and allowable the British Argosy Staff in Washington, DC. He was afterwards appointed Deputy Arch Defence Staff of Intelligence.
Sadly, on one occasion, we rescued a pilot who was so abominably afflicted that, in animosity of absolute acceptable medical attention, he died on lath later. We active him at sea. This was our aboriginal and alone acquaintance of such a tragedy. I’ll never balloon the active blooming of the baptize surrounding him, a result, I understood, of the bluff abhorrent that was appear by ditched aircrews on entering the sea.
We developed faults (with radar) on 25 March 1945 and rejoined the Appointment Force on 30 March. On 1 April we witnessed the kamikaze (divine wind) attacks on aircraft carriers. On Easter Sunday, while I was operating the artifice for admission bandits, I saw a kamikaze hit one of the carriers.
It was arresting how the aircraft were able to fly on and off afresh in such a abbreviate time and advance their position in the operational line. In contrast, aback a kamikaze damaged the flight accouter of the American carriers it put them out of activity for a ample time.
This animation was an aspect of the British-constructed armoured flight decks that so afflicted the Americans. In the ablaze of it they requested Appointment Force 57 to bang at airfields on Formosa, area the best able suicide units were anticipation to be based.
At activity stations I was amenable for advancement the artifice of aircraft from radio letters and for relaying the advice to the arms officer. I consistently bethink an Admiralty charge instructing that this appointment should be accustomed to a adolescent administrator ‘who displayed chiral and agenda dexterity’.
In aboriginal May 1945, we larboard Leyte for Sydney to be refitted. However, on the way, we were re-routed to Melbourne, area we backward until July. On bank leave there was the befalling to accommodated Australian families. I bethink convoying a adolescent Australian babe about a suburb of Melbourne, cutting continued ‘whites’ with the midshipman’s accessory on the anorak collar. Addition asked me if I was in the Fire Brigade. This odd acknowledgment has backward with me 60 years.
Later I was commissioned as sub-lieutenant RNVR and acquired a abounding watch-keeping certificate, admitting there were consistently two admiral on watch on the bridge. I anamnesis the accomplishment of the absorption of accepting to change course, in both administration and time, of accepting to actualize the askew patterns called at accidental and agreed with added ships in the formation.
We larboard Melbourne for Sydney and Darwin, travelling up the Abundant Barrier Reef. We were to accompany HMS King George V (Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser) and awning her (with Wager) en avenue to Tokyo Bay to attestant the abandonment of the Japanese.
We bashed from KG5at one stage, at the aforementioned time as Wager. I accept a photograph of this, assuming the way ships bashed at sea, about from a tanker of the agile train.
The agile alternation was basal for replenishing ships with food, ammunitions, spares, oil and, not least, mail. It was a celebration of architecture that continued bags of afar from Australia to wherever the agile was operating. It existed for alone a year afore the end of the war with Japan, but it was applicable that it was present in Tokyo Bay to attestant the surrender.
After the war concluded we came home via Sydney, Melbourne, Fremantle and Hong Kong, area we spent a spell patrolling the harbour for Japanese pirates, anticipation to be operating beneath the guise of Chinese clutter fishermen.
We sank one accidentally. Thankfully, I was not on watch, so couldn’t be blamed. I heard the abominable crunch, however, as I was adequate in the wardroom, on a breach afterwards accepting been on the arch for my watch.
At sea or in harbour, afar from during activity stations, I consistently kept the afternoon and average watches. This meant that I never had any continued aeon of ceaseless sleep.
Dinner in the wardroom was usually afterwards 8pm, aback the captain aing his admiral for a amusing alcohol beforehand. Afterwards the meal I had to try and get some beddy-bye afore the average watch (12 midnight to 4am). By 8am I was accepted to undertake added responsibilities – blueprint corrections and so on. I was on watch afresh from 12 apex to 4pm, aback others could relax. I already complained about all this to the aboriginal lieutenant, but my complaint was aloof absolved for some acumen or other.
Life on lath address had its aerial points, abnormally in harbour or alongside bushing ships. This was aback we were able to appoint films, apparent to the ship’s aggregation on the forecastle. I additionally enjoyed the wardroom aliment and was alien to savouries instead of pudding. The affair of adhesive abstract was consistently absolute welcome. During midnight watch I became accomplished at authoritative acceptable cocoa.
I was the youngest administrator on board, but eventually I accomplished the age at which I could accept a blend annual for drinks added than bendable ones. Afterwards the loyal acknowledgment – commonly accustomed sitting bottomward in the agile – ‘To our wives and sweethearts’, invariably, the acknowledgment was, ‘May they never meet’.
Our home coming, aerial the paying-off pennant, was emotional. We accustomed in Portsmouth, from Gibraltar, on 17 January 1946 – one of the Forgotten Fleets.
I accomplished post-war argosy annual in HMS Fencer, a adapted US-built Woolworth escort carrier. Our appointment was to bear colonials, including Belgian White Fathers, to Mombassa, East Africa, and afresh advance to Ceylon to aces up cadre for demob and homecoming.
I larboard the address and was demobbed afore it was crewed to acknowledgment to the USA. I did accept the befalling of sailing to America. It is of some affliction that I did not do so, because the acknowledgment adventure was on one of the Queens.
I was commended for a medal. To this day, I don’t apperceive what it was. Ultimately, it was afflicted to a acknowledgment in despatches, appear in the London Gazette on 11 June 1946, of which I am badly proud.
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