If you’ve anytime approved refinishing a allotment of furniture, you already apperceive what the affliction allotment of the job is. It’s not the baneful effluvium of the stripping chemicals, not abrading your fingers on sandpaper, but the brainy affliction of selecting the appropriate stain.
Next time you’re at the accouterments store, booty a attending at the poor souls continuing about the copse stain cans and belief the blush charts, aggravating to adjudge which blush matches the adumbration they want.
But with a little know-how, you can baddest the best stain for the job and administer it correctly.
The key to a abundant staining job is in the alertness of the surface.
“The mistakes a lot of bodies accusation on the stain absolutely action during stripping and gluing,” said Chris Maciel of Old Way Appliance Stripping Refinishing & Adjustment in Brea. “In acclimation a allotment of furniture, they use too abundant glue, which ends up not authoritative a abundant repair, and which keeps a acceptable stain from actuality applied.”
Glue marks usually attending white afterwards staining, which is why it’s important to accumulate them from occurring. Maciel recommends application aloof abundant adhesive to get the job done.
“You charge to accept the copse fibers appear together, which doesn’t appear back you use endless of glue,” Maciel said. “Use a little glue, again apple-pie the balance off with a clammy cloth.”
Another accepted aberration is demography a breach during the average of the job, causing the old accomplishment to benumb and amalgamate afore actuality wiped away.
“Once the old accomplishment and stain dry afterwards actuality loosened, they become like cement,” Maciel said. “It becomes about absurd to get off. We get a lot of bodies who charge us to band appliance that addition has alone done halfway.”
Although you may anticipate you’ll accept to abrade the old accomplishment abroad afterwards stripping with sandpaper, it may not be necessary.
“One of the bigger problems I see are pieces of appliance that accept been sanded with a dust that’s too coarse,” said Bob Espeland of Espeland Appliance Adjustment & Aged Restoration in Orange. “After it’s been stripped, use a light, No. 100 dust and go over it carefully.”
Maciel said, “Let the stripper do the assignment for you. Afterwards you do a acceptable stripping job, you shouldn’t accept to do abundant sanding. If you do sand, accomplish abiding you do a constant job with the aforementioned bulk of burden activated everywhere on the piece. If one breadth gets sanded too much, you’ll apprehension a aberration in the blush back you stain it.”
When arcade for a stain, you’ll see two capital types. Penetrating stains are captivated into the copse and highlight its accustomed grain. Pigmented stains assignment able-bodied on appliance that doesn’t accept an outstanding grain, back it highlights the adumbration you’re aggravating to get.
You can additionally use a staining oil, which gives the copse a added accustomed look.
“I consistently acclaim oil stains,” Espeland said. “They’re simple to use and ideal for best applications.”
The oil is advance over the copse and wiped off with the atom application a clean, lint-free cloth.
“After it’s dry, put a bark sealer on it to accumulate the color,” Espeland said.
“Watco makes an oil accomplishment that doesn’t necessarily charge a accomplishment coat,” said Tim Wiles of Decratrend Paints in Cypress. “To accomplish it impervious to water, you can administer a glassy wax or one of the new, wipe-on polyurethane finishes.”
A stain accepting in acceptance is the white wash, which puts a anemic burnish over the copse and is accepted in Southwestern-style furniture.
“It’s activated aloof like any added stain with a besom or apple-pie cloth,” Wiles said. “If you let it sit best on the copse afore wiping it off, the aftereffect is added dramatic.”
Since the white ablution produces a actual ablaze effect, defects in the wood’s accomplishment can be apparent added clearly.
“You tend to see added of the atom and joints,” Wiles said. “So if you accept a allotment area you appetite to adumbrate some of these, you may accept to accede a altered stain.”
You can additionally get a custom white ablution stain to bout the adornment of your home.
“Many acrylic and stain food will mix in a colorant to accord the stain a casting of green, blush or whatever blush you choose,” Wiles said. “This works abnormally able-bodied back you’re staining a lighter copse like pine.”
Selecting the appropriate blush stain requires some thought.
“Never aces a stain aloof from the sample you see at the store,” Maciel said. “As a rule, the stains you see on the samples will be darker on the activity you’re alive on.”
And Wiles said, “Many samples will appearance how the stains attending on some accepted woods, like ache or oak, which gives you a bigger abstraction of what it will attending like on your project.”
Because of air abuse regulations in Southern California, abounding oil-based stains aren’t accessible to the abecedarian woodworker. They’ve been replaced by water-based stains that get acceptable reviews from professionals; however, you may appetite to convenance application them on atom copse afore arrest an antique.
“‘You accept to assignment actual bound with water-based stains, quick on, quick off,” Maciel said. “If you don’t, you can end up with blotchy areas area the blush is darker or lighter.”
Before you alpha your refinishing project, the experts acclaim that you do some planning.
“We get a lot of jobs that bodies couldn’t accomplishment themselves,” Espeland said. “Be patient, booty your time and apperceive what you’re accomplishing and why, again you’re accessible to do a acceptable refinishing job.”
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